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Analysing the Effectiveness of IT Strategy in Libyan Higher Education Institutes

Othman, Aisha, Pislaru, Crinela, Kenan, Thuraya and Impes, Ahmed (2013) Analysing the Effectiveness of IT Strategy in Libyan Higher Education Institutes. International Journal of Digital Information and Wireless Communications (IJDIWC), 3 (3). pp. 114-129. ISSN 2225-658X

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The use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) has increased rapidly in the entire education sector and teaching process. Libyan universities, and most Libyan Higher Education Institutes (LHEIs), are trying to update their processes and to make Information Technology (IT) a major factor in their education systems. This paper will present an analysis of feedback from a group of Libyan students studying abroad, in response to questions about their attitude, awareness and motivation with regard to IT. It will then evaluate the ICT gap in Libya, using a SWOT analysis model, which indicates the main issues for Libyan HEIs and significant features of online teaching and learning. The paper also discusses some online learning activities that can be used in the design of many types of courses, modules and programmes. In addition, the effectiveness of different IT strategies, and the numerous requirements for the transition from traditional to online learning are addressed in the narrative, including a set of proposals that could contribute to the use of ICT and IT in achieving the goals of educational curricula in Libya. Finally, the authors suggest a number of recommendations for the effective design and successful implementation of IT strategies in Libyan HEIs

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: E-learning, Information and communication technology (ICT), Libya, student attitudes, student satisfaction.
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Schools: School of Computing and Engineering
School of Computing and Engineering > Pedagogical Research Group
Related URLs:
References: 1. Budde comm website, the largest telecommunications research site on the Internet. “Libya - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband” [online] <>, 2013. [Accessed 28 Jul. 2013] 2. Report of United Nations Human Development Index < > [Accessed 2 August 2013]. 3. Kenan, T. & Pislaru, C. ‘Challenges related to e-learning implementation in higher education institutions in Libya’. In: Huddersfield, U. O. (ed.) Proceedings of the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers’ Conference 2012: CEARC’12. University of Huddersfield (2012) 4. Porter, M. & Yegin, D. ‘National economic strategy: an assessment of the competitiveness of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya’, The general planning council of Libya. Cera, UK (2006). 5. Elzawi, A. & Wade, S. ‘Barriers to ICT adoption in quality of engineering research in Libya: how to bridge the digital divide?’ in: Proceedings of The Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers’ Conf.; CEARC’12. UK: University of Huddersfield. 2012, pp. 98-103 (2012). 6. Laurillard, D. ‘E-Learning in Higher Education’. Available at [Accessed 18 June 2013] 7. Mubarak, H. ‘Attitudes towards E-Learning’. Available at: (2007). [Accessed 8 Aug 2013]. 8. Othman, A., Pislaru, C., Kenan, T. & Impes, A. ‘Attitudes of Libyan students towards ICT application and e-learning in the UK’. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on e-learning (ICEL 2013), Ostrava, Czech Republic, pp. 123 – 129, ISBN 978-0-9853483-9-7 (2013). 9. Kenan, T., Pislaru, C. & Elzawi, A. Analysing the effectiveness of e-learning based on national and international cultures and approaches to pedagogy. In: 17th UKAIS Conference on Information Systems, 2012, 27 - 28 March 2012, New College, Oxford University (2012). 10. Kenan, T., Pislaru, C. & Elzawi, A. Comparing the impact of E-learning and ICT in Higher Education institutions in Libya and United Kingdom. In: International Conference on Education, Informatics and Cybernetics (ICEIC) 2011. Florida, USA. (2011). 11. Othman, A. Investigating an On-line Teaching and Learning Environment for the University of Omar Al-Mukhtar, Libya, MSc Thesis. UK, University of Huddersfield (2010). 12. Kenan, T., Pislaru, C. & Elzawi, A. Analysis of information management and e-learning implementation in HE institutions in Libya. In: 5th Conference on E-learning Excellence in the Middle East, 30 Jan - 2 Feb 2012, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (2012). 13. Rhema, A. & Miliszewska, W. (2010). Towards E-Learning in Higher Education in Libya. Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology, 7, 423-437. Available at: < Towards E-Learning in Higher Education in Libya > [Accessed 8 Aug. 2013] 14. Elzawi, A., Kenan, T., Wade, S. & Pislaru, C. Bridging the Digital Divide and Enhancing the Quality of Engineering Research in Libyan Universities. In: 6th Conference on Quality in Middle East, 2012, Hamdan Bin Mohammed University, Dubai. (2012). 15. Othman, A. Pislaru, C. & Impes, A. Improving Students’ ICT Skills by Using a Novel Framework for a Lab-Based Learning Module. In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on e-Learning (ICEL2013), Ostrava, Czech Republic, pp. 106 - 113 (2013). 16. Elzawi, A. & Underwood, J. How Higher Engineering Researchers in Libya Perceive the Use of Internet Technology. The International Arab Conf. on Information Technology (ACIT'2010), University of Garyounis, Benghazi, Libya, 2010, pp. 89-98 (2010). 17. SCOTT, J. ‘The Value of Formal Planning for Strategic Modules’. Strategic Management Journal, 3, 4. (1982). 18. Kenan, T., Pislaru, C. & Elzawi, A. ‘Novel SWOT Analysis of E-learning Implementation in HE Institutions in Libya’. International journal on E-learning (IJEL): Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), (2013) (to be published). 19. Othman, A., Pislaru, C. & Impes, A. Improving the Quality of Technology-Enhanced Learning for Computer Programming Courses. The Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Distance Learning and Education (2013). (ICDLE 2013) (To be published). 20. Othman, A., Pislaru, C. & Impes, A. Online Interactive Module for Teaching a Computer Programming Course. Proceedings of the 12th European Conference on e-Learning (2013) ECEL-2013 (to be published). 21. Tarbawee: Characteristics of e-learning. (2013). Available at
Depositing User: Crinela Pislaru
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2013 15:49
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2018 11:31


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