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How British Mirpuri Pakistani women identify themselves and form their id

Azam, N. A. (2006) How British Mirpuri Pakistani women identify themselves and form their id. Doctoral thesis, University of Huddersfield.

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    Abstract

    This thesis examines the experiences and the attitudes of Bradford females who have
    Pakistani Mirpuri heritage. The study has involved people of different ages ranging from
    sixteen to thirty-five and older women aged in their forties and beyond. The women
    explore their relationship with their parents, the biraderi (their extended family), career
    and educational aspirations, involvement with religion and culture and how these fit into
    their personal identities.

    The data was gathered incrementally over three stages. Each stage was equally important,
    and themes emerged at each stage, which were then explored further. The data comes out
    from a number of questionnaires, which were followed by interviews. The research
    evidence creates consistent pictures and provides an insight into the lives and experiences
    of Bradford females, of Pakistani Mirpuri origin. The concern was to explore the notions
    of their sense of personal identity in the face of conflicting cultures and conflicts between
    culture and religion.

    The research evidence shows that younger women believed they did share a close
    relationship with their parents. At times this relationship was tested. The evidence shows
    that an area of major inter-generational tension was where parents were trying to control
    the behaviours of younger women by using cultural interpretations of Islam. This was
    particularly mentioned by younger women in relation to education, careers, and marriage
    and on issues of freedom generally. The relationship of younger women, with the biraderi
    (kin) is not as close as their parents' relationship with it. Younger women are leading
    independent lives and have high career and educational aspirations. The majority of the
    respondents felt their parents had supported their aspirations.

    The evidence shows that younger women feel comfortable with the freedom they have.
    They wanted to be able to fulfil their education and career aspirations and socialise with
    friends. The younger women felt they understood Islam and followed religion more than
    culture. They felt they were able to distinguish between culture was and where parents
    were confusing religion and culture. The majority of women in this study described
    having multiple identities and were comfortable with this. Being British did not mean
    they had to compromise them as Muslims. The thesis demonstrates that Pakistanis are not
    homogonous and that there are many differences based on gender, cast and sect. At the
    core, however, is the sense of personal identity and the use the women made of their
    religious beliefs, not as a sign of the subjection to their inheritance but a symbol of their
    sense of personal independence.

    Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
    Additional Information: EThOS Persistent ID uk.bl.ethos.430291
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
    H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
    B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc
    Schools: School of Education and Professional Development
    Depositing User: Graham Stone
    Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2009 10:56
    Last Modified: 28 Jul 2010 19:48
    URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/5979

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