Al-Hinai, Sulaiyam and Lucas, Gary (2008) A flowmeter for measuring the dispersed phase velocity in multiphase flow with non-uniform velocity profiles. In: 3rd International Symposium on Advanced Fluid/Solid Science and Technology in Experimental Mechanics (ISEM2008), 7-10 December 2008, Tainan, Taiwan.

This study aims to introduce a new technique to measure the velocity distribution of the dispersed component of a vertical, upward, water continuous two-phase pipe flow.
Here, it is proposed that measurements of the variation in the local conductance of the mixture can be cross correlated to determine the local velocity distribution of, for example, gas bubbles in water.The measurements were conducted by using arrays of axially separated conductance sensors placed normal to the flow. Each array contained eight electrodes distributed
over the internal circumference of the pipe carrying the flow. The arrays, were mounted at a known distance from each other along the pipe. Within each array, individual electrodes could be configured as either ‘excitation’,
‘measurement’ or ‘earth’.By changing the electrode configuration of an array the electric field sensitivity distribution associated with the array could be altered, thus changing the region of the flow ‘interrogated’by the
system. By cross correlating the output signals from these arrays, in various combinations, the velocity of the dispersed phase can be obtained at different regions within
the flow, thereby enabling the velocity profile of the dispersed phase to be measured.
The sensitivity distribution associated with given electrode configurations has been investigated in a bench test. First
the flow meter was filled with water, and then nonconducting rods were inserted into the flow meter at various spatial locations parallel to the pipe, and the resulting change in conductance measured. The sensitivity
distribution has also been simulated using COMSOL
software. Agreement between experiment and theory was close to 1 %.

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