Rudrum, David (2008) Murder - A Dying Art? George Orwell, Raymond Chandler, and the Mysterious Death of English Crime Writing. In: Crime Cultures: Figuring Criminality in Literature, Media and Film International Conference, 14th - 16th July 2008, University of Portsmouth. (Unpublished)
Abstract

In February 1946, George Orwell published 'The Decline of the English Murder', an essay which both charts and laments the demise of a specific kind of criminal: the
English gentleman-murderer, who commits his crimes in a domestic, often suburban setting; whose motives arise largely from status anxiety or sexual repression (or both);
and who commits his crime in a manner that befits his gentility.
In December 1944 - only a year previously - Raymond Chandler published his essay 'The Simple Art of Murder'. Though normally read for its spirited defence of
American 'hard-boiled' detective fiction, this essay is predominantly concerned with the features and problems of the very same genre as was Orwell: the quintessential
'Englishness' of traditional crime writing.
Both writers concur that, in its setting, structure, sociology, plot, and dramatis personae, the typical crime story thrives in an upper-middle class, English
environment. Yet Chandler, though he views the genre Orwell describes with much fondness, nevertheless considers it far too quaint, too out of touch with the modern world, to succeed at any intellectual or artistic level. Orwell, however, regards the genre of English crime writing as a telling reflection of the English ideology: in its sociological dimension, it illustrates, amongst many other things, the deeply problematic assumption of a link between morality and the class system.
My paper will stage a critical debate between these two contemporaries over the cultural identity, sociology, and politics of crime writing in the mid-twentieth century.
In so doing, it will draw out and compare the critical and political implications of Orwell's and Chandler's views for a genre whose place in literary history has always
been hotly contested.

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