Abdul-Rahman, Hussein S., Lou, Shan, Zeng, Wenhan, Jiang, Xiang and Scott, Paul J. (2016) Freeform texture representation and characterisation based on triangular mesh projection techniques. Measurement, 92. pp. 172-182. ISSN 0263-2241

Texture characterisation for freeform non-Euclidean surfaces is becoming increasingly important due to the widespread of the use of such surfaces in different applications, e.g. the additive manufacturing. Four main steps are required to analyse and characterise those surfaces which include new surface representation, surface filtration and decomposition, texture representation methods and finally the calculation of the surface parameters. Recently, the representation, as well as the filtration and decomposition, of freeform surfaces have been investigated and some algorithms have been proposed. This paper, however, shed the light on how to represent the texture of freeform non-Euclidean surfaces before calculating the parameters. A novel model for freeform surface parameterisation is introduced; this new model proposes the use of a projection algorithm before the actual calculation of the parameters. Different projection algorithms have been adopted from the mesh projection techniques found in the field of computer graphics. The results of applying those algorithms to represent the texture of both simulated and bio-engineering surfaces are shown, also a comparison between those algorithms has been carried out. Furthermore, examples of calculating some of the surface parameters for freeform surfaces are given

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