Ma, Minhua and McKevitt, Paul (2005) Visual semantics and ontology of eventive verbs. In: Natural Language Processing. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence (3248). Springer, Berlin, Germany, pp. 187-196. ISBN 978-3-540-24475-2

Various English verb classifications have been analyzed in terms of their syntactic and semantic properties, and conceptual components, such as syntactic valency, lexical semantics, and semantic/syntactic correlations. Here the visual semantics of verbs, particularly their visual roles, somatotopic effectors, and level-of-detail, is studied. We introduce the notion of visual valency and use it as a primary criterion to recategorize eventive verbs for language visualization (animation) in our intelligent multimodal storytelling system, CONFUCIUS. The visual valency approach is a framework for modelling deeper semantics of verbs. In our ontological system we consider both language and visual modalities since CONFUCIUS is a multimodal system.

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