Smyth, John (1986) Clinical Supervision: Technocratic Mindedness, or Emancipatory Learning. Journal of Curriculum & Supervision, 1 (4). pp. 331-340.

The author reflects on the disadvantages and potential of clinical educational supervision. He attributes the flaw of traditional forms of supervision to their conceptualization as a delivery of service to those who need it. He points out that clinical supervision is sometimes used as a sinister form of teacher surveillance. He stresses the need to improve clinical supervision in a way that will assist teachers to achieve forms of teaching that contribute to realistic and practical learning for students.