Watson, Michael and Emery, A.R.T. (2004) Organizations and environmental crime: legal and economic perspectives. Managerial auditing journal, 19 (6). pp. 741-759. ISSN 0268-6902

Examines the emergence of environmental legislation and the response of organizations. Most legal academics have attempted to explain these responses in the context of rational choice theory, using an economic framework such as the rational polluter model. Argues that whilst the rational polluter model offers a partial explanation of organizations’ behaviour in response to environmental legislation, it does not explain why the majority of organizations are law abiding. Examines work on legitimacy theory, and by drawing on that work and placing it in the context of case law, suggests that it offers a better explanatory framework.

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