McCluskey, T.L. and Kitchin, Diane E. (1998) A Tool-Supported Approach to Engineering HTN Planning Models. In: Tenth IEEE International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence, 1998, Taiwan.

Our research concerns formal, expressive, object centred languages and tools for use in engineering domains for planning applications. In this paper we extend our recent work on an object-centred language for encoding precondition
planning domains to a language called OCLh,
designed for HTN planning. Domain encodings for HTN planners are particularly troublesome, because they tend to be used in knowledged-based applications requiring a great deal of ‘domain engineering’, and the abstract operators
central to an HTN model do not share the fairly clear declarative semantics of concrete pre- and post condition operators. Central to our approach is the development, in parallel, of the abstract operator set and the hierarchical state specification of the objects that the operators manipulate. In this paper we define and illustrate a transparency property, together with a transparency checking tool, which helps the developer to encode a clear planning model in
OCLh. Our encoding of the Translog domain is used as an extended example to illustrate the approach.

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