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Surface integrity of provisional resin materials

Abouelatta, O.B., El-Bediwi, A., Sakrana, A., Jiang, Xiang and Blunt, Liam (2006) Surface integrity of provisional resin materials. Measurement Science and Technology, 17 (3). pp. 584-591. ISSN 0957-0233

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Provisional resin materials are widely used in prosthetic dentistry and play an important role in the success of restorative treatment. Therefore, these materials must meet the requirements of preserving surface integrity during the treatment process. This study was done to evaluate surface roughness and microhardness of two provisional resin materials after 37 °C water storage. Two rectangular samples 21 mm × 11 mm × 3 mm, one bis-acrylic (bis-acrylic-Protemp II) and one polyethyl methacrylate (Trim®-PEMA) were fabricated as examples of provisional materials (n = 5 per material). The specimens were stored in 37 °C deionized distilled water for 24 h, 1, 2 and 3 weeks. The control specimens were not stored in water. The surface roughness of the tested materials (n = 10) was measured using a profilometer. Microhardness tests were conducted using a Vickers microscope mounted indenter system (n = 10). At 24 h, the surface roughness was recorded with bis-acrylic-Protemp II as higher than methacrylate materials. No significant differences of microhardness between Trim®-PEMA and bis-acrylic-Protemp II were recognized at 1, 2 and 3 weeks. The microhardness values increased with the increase of surface roughness and vice versa in both Trim®-PEMA and bis-acrylic-Protemp II. Both surface roughness and microhardness are affected by water storage. Bis-acrylic-Protemp II revealed better results in hardness than methacrylate resins, whereas Trim®-PEMA has a better surface roughness.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © Institute of Physics and IOP Publishing Limited 2008.
Uncontrolled Keywords: surface roughness, hardness, PEMA, bis-acrylic composite
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Schools: School of Computing and Engineering
School of Computing and Engineering > Centre for Precision Technologies
School of Computing and Engineering > Centre for Precision Technologies > Surface Metrology Group
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Depositing User: Briony Heyhoe
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2008 14:02
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 10:38


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