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THE INVESTIGATION INTO THE CONDITION MONITORING OF TRIBOLOGICAL BEHAVIOUR BETWEEN PISTON RING AND CYLINDER LINER USING ACOUSTIC EMISSIONS

Wei, Nasha (2018) THE INVESTIGATION INTO THE CONDITION MONITORING OF TRIBOLOGICAL BEHAVIOUR BETWEEN PISTON RING AND CYLINDER LINER USING ACOUSTIC EMISSIONS. Doctoral thesis, University of Huddersfield.

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Abstract

To improve engine operational performance and reliability, this study focuses on the investigation into the behaviour of tribological conjunction between the ring - liner based on a comprehensive analysis of non-intrusive acoustic emission (AE) measurement. Particularly, the study will provide more knowledge of using AE for online monitoring and diagnosing the performances of the conjunction.

To fulfil this study, it integrates analytical predictions of the theoretical modelling for the AE generation mechanism with extensive experimental evaluations. Moreover, effective signal processing techniques are implemented with a combination of the model based AE predictions to extract the weak and nonstationary AE contents that correlate more with the tribological behaviour.

Based on conventional tribological models, tribological AE is modelled to be due to two main dynamic effects: asperity-asperity collision (AAC) and fluid-asperity interaction (FAI), which allows measured AE signals from the tribological conjunction to be explained under different scenarios, especially under abnormal behaviours. FAI induced AE is more correlated with lubricants and velocity. It presents mainly in the middle of engine strokes but is much weaker and severely interfered with AEs from not only valve landings, combustion and fuel injection shocks but also the effect of considerable AACs due to direct contacts and solid particles in oils.

To extract weak AEs for accurately diagnosing the tribological behaviours, wavelet transform analysis is applied to AE signals with three novel schemes: 1) hard threshold based wavelet coefficients selection in which the threshold value and wavelet analysis parameters are determined using a modified velocity of piston motion which has high dependence on the AE characteristics predicted by the two models; 2) Adaptive threshold wavelet coefficients selection in which the threshold is gradually updated to minimise the distance between the AE envelopes and the predicted dependence; and 3) wavelet packet transform (WPT) analysis is carried out by an optimised Daubechies wavelet through a novel approach based on minimising the time and frequency overlaps in WPT spectrum. Based on these optimal analyses, the local envelope amplitude (LEA) and the average residual wavelet coefficient (ARWC) are developed from AE signals as novel indicators to reflect the tribological behaviours.

Both the hard threshold based LEA and wavelet packet transform LEA values allow two different new lubricants to be diagnosed in accordance with model predictions whereas they produce less consistent results in differentiating the used oil under several operating conditions. Nevertheless, ARWC can separate the used oil successfully in that it can highlight the AAC effects of particle collisions in used oils.

Similarly, LEA shows little impacts of two alternative fuels on the tribological behaviours. However, ARWC shows significantly higher amplitudes in several operating conditions when more particles can be produced due to unstable and incomplete combustions of both the biodiesel and FT diesel, compared with pure diesel, indicating they can cause light wear.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Schools: School of Computing and Engineering
Depositing User: Rebecca Hill
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2018 17:15
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2020 01:38
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/34761

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