Sztendel, Sebastian (2016) Model Referenced Condition Monitoring of High Performance CNC Machine Tools. Doctoral thesis, University of Huddersfield.

Generally, machine tool monitoring is the prediction of the system’s health based on signal acquisition and processing and classification in order to identify the causes of the problem. The producers of machine tools need to pay more attention to their products life cycle because their customers increasingly focus on machine tool reliability and costs. The present study is concerned with the development of a condition monitoring system for high speed Computer Numerical Control (CNC) milling machine tools.

A model is a simplification of a real machine to visualize the dynamics of a mechatronic system. This thesis applies recent modelling techniques to represent all parameters which affect the accuracy of a component produced automatically. The control can achieve an accuracy approaching the tolerance restrictions imposed by the machine tool axis repeatability and its operating environment. The motion control system of the CNC machine tool is described and the elements, which compose the axis drives including both the electrical components and the mechanical ones, are analysed and modelled. SIMULINK models have been developed to represent the majority of the dynamic behaviour of the feed drives from the actual CNC machine tool. Various values for the position controller and the load torque have been applied to the motor to show their behaviour.

Development of a mechatronic hybrid model for five-axis CNC machine tool using Multi-Body-System (MBS) simulation approach is described. Analysis of CNC machine tool performance under non-cutting conditions is developed. ServoTrace data have been used to validate the Multi-body simulation of tool-to-workpiece position.

This thesis aspects the application of state of art sensing methods in the field of condition monitoring of electromechanical systems. The ballscrew-with-nut is perhaps the most prevalent CNC machine subsystem and the condition of each element is crucial to the success of a machining operation. It’s essential to know of the health status of ballscrew, bearings and nut. Acoustic emission analysis of machines has been carried out to determine the deterioration of the ballscrew. Standard practices such as use of a Laser Interferometer have been used to determine the position of the machine tool.

A novel machine feed drive condition monitoring system using acoustic emission (AE) signals has been proposed. The AE monitoring techniques investigated can be categorised into traditional AE parameters of energy, event duration and peak amplitude. These events are selected and normalised to estimate remaining life of the machine. This method is shown to be successfully applied for the ballscrew subsystem of an industrial high-speed milling machine.

Finally, the successful outcome of the project will contribute to machine tool industry making possible manufacturing of more accurate products with lower costs in shorter time.

FINAL THESIS - Sztendel .pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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