Camara, Osmane, Hanif, Imran, Tunes, Matheus A., Harrison, Robert W., Greaves, Graeme, Donnelly, Stephen E. and Hinks, Jonathan A. (2017) Effects of temperature on the ion-induced bending of germanium and silicon nanowires. Materials Research Express, 4 (7). 075056. ISSN 2053-1591

Nanowires can be manipulated using an ion beam via a phenomenon known as ion-induced bending (IIB). While the mechanisms behind IIB are still the subject of debate, accumulation of point defects or amorphisation are often cited as possible driving mechanisms. Previous results in the literature on IIB of Ge and Si nanowires have shown that after irradiation the aligned nanowires are fully amorphous. Experiments were recently reported in which crystalline seeds were preserved in otherwise-amorphous ion-beam-bent Si nanowires which then facilitated solid-phase epitaxial growth (SPEG) during subsequent annealing. However, the ion-induced alignment of the nanowires was lost during the SPEG. In this work, in situ ion irradiations in a transmission electron microscope at 400°C and 500°C were performed on Ge and Si nanowires, respectively, to supress amorphisation and the build-up of point defects. Both the Ge and Si nanowires were found to bend during irradiation thus drawing into question the role of mechanisms based on damage accumulation under such conditions. These experiments demonstrate for the first time a simple way of realigning single-crystal Ge and Si nanowires via IIB whilst preserving their crystal structure.

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