Zaharias, Zaharis, Lazaridis, Pavlos, Cosmas, John, Skeberis, Christos and Xenos, Thomas D. (2014) Synthesis of a Near-Optimal High-Gain Antenna Array With Main Lobe Tilting and Null Filling Using Taguchi Initialized Invasive Weed Optimization. IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting, 60 (1). pp. 120-127. ISSN 0018-9316

A near-optimal base-station antenna array synthesis suitable for broadcasting applications is presented. The array is required to provide a high-gain radiation pattern with a main lobe slightly tilted from the horizontal plane and null filling inside an angular sector under the main lobe. To satisfy the above requirements, a novel invasive weed optimization (IWO) variant called Taguchi initialized IWO (TI-IWO) is proposed
in this paper. In TI-IWO, the Taguchi’s optimization method is employed to initialize effectively the positions of the weeds used by the IWO method. In this way, the fitness function starts from lower values and, thus, the TI-IWO method finds better near-optimal solutions than the conventional IWO method. The proposed method has been applied to linear arrays. Due to its
easy implementation in practice, a uniform-amplitude excitation distribution is considered to be applied on the array elements.
Two cases of isotropic source arrays are studied under specific requirements for maximum possible gain, main lobe tilting, and null filling. Also, the TI-IWO method is applied to optimize
realistic cases of collinear wire dipole arrays in front of a mast under the same requirements and an additional one concerning the impedance matching of all the dipoles.

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