Wang, Jing (2016) Struggling against Administrative Powers: Practical Applications of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China 2007 towards Privately-Owned SMEs. In: 10th Annual International Graduate Legal Research Conference (IGLRC 2016), April 4th-5th 2016, King's College London, UK. (Unpublished)

An examination of State intervention with regard to survival situations of privately-owned small
and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Chinese traditional State-owned industries reveals that
legal restrictions pay “lip-service” to administrative powers. Whereas the Economic Charter, the Chinese Anti-Monopoly Law 2007, has now been in force for over seven years (from 2008
onwards), administrative powers which are granted by the State’s industrial policies to treat
State-owned enterprises (SOEs) and privately-owned SMEs unfairly have never been effectively
limited. Accordingly, the interests of privately-owned SMEs and consumer welfare have not been
realised, despite them being listed among the goals in the Chinese competition law. As a result, a balance of interests in the market, namely the “public interest”, the ultimate objective of the Chinese Anti-Monopoly Law 2007, has failed to be achieved.
In an attempt to reverse this plight of privately-owned SMEs, this paper puts forward two
suggestions in order to make the Chinese Anti-Monopoly Law 2007 a top priority in State intervention. The first suggestion regards the internal considerations of the Chinese Anti-Monopoly Law 2007: namely, to curb the administrative powers of some agencies and SOEs
on behalf of privately-owned SMEs. This comprises three parts: establishing an independent
anti-monopoly regulatory agency in China; the formulation of several State-specific regulations in order to restrict administrative agencies and SOEs, and improving private anti-monopoly litigation in order to protect privately-owned SMEs. The second suggestion relates to the external considerations, highlighting the need for cooperation between certain legal elements in
administrative law; as well as company law, and the Chinese Anti-Monopoly Law 2007, in order to
curtail the ultra vires exercise of discretionary powers of anti-monopoly agencies in order to
achieve a fair playing-field between SOEs and privately-owned SMEs.

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