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Hate Crime Victimisation

Wong, Kevin and Christmann, Kris (2017) Hate Crime Victimisation. In: Handbook on Victims Issues in Criminal Justice. Routledge, London, UK, pp. 102-117. ISBN 978-1138184718

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Hate crime as an area of justice and social policy has a relatively recent history, although it's not a new phenomenon. Drawing on evidence primarily from the United Kingdom and United States, this chapter examines four issues of particular salience to understanding hate crime victimization policy and practice: how hate crime is defined; how hate crime is measured; why victims under-report hate crime and how to encourage victims to report; and the effectiveness of services for hate crime victims. It concludes by offering a whole system model of support for hate crime victims that spans the victim's journey before, during and after the end of their engagement with the criminal justice system.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge in Routledge Handbook on Victims' Issues in Criminal Justice on 27/04/17, available online:
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Schools: School of Human and Health Sciences
School of Human and Health Sciences > Applied Criminology Centre
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Depositing User: Sara Taylor
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2016 15:03
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 16:44


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