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Oak Trees and the technology of timber conversion with particular reference to the use of water-power in West and South Yorkshire

Hippisley-Cox, Charles (2016) Oak Trees and the technology of timber conversion with particular reference to the use of water-power in West and South Yorkshire. In: Regional Urbanism in the Era of Globalisation REUG 2016, 3rd - 5th Feb 2016, Huddersfield University. (Unpublished)

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Here follows a discussion with regard to the potential inter-relationship between the two main species of oak and the carpentry traditions of timber-frame buildings within the British Isles. It is suggested that natural distributions pre-date the development of carpentry traditions and that subsequent woodland management and the ability to convert timber using water power might have perpetuated the distribution until relatively recent times. In addition a suggestion is made that there may also be a link between cruck frames and the technology to produce appropriate sash-mounted saws and the ability to harness waterpower.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: oak, timber frames, traditional carpentry skills, woodland management, building conservation, cruck frame, forestry, rip saws, water mills, timber mills,
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TH Building construction
Schools: School of Art, Design and Architecture > Centre for Urban Design, Architecture and Sustainability
School of Art, Design and Architecture
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References: Alcock, N. W. 1973 A Catalogue of Cruck Buildings, Phillimore for VAG Alcock N W, 1981, Cruck Construction. The Council for British Archaeology Research Report No 42. 37-9 Airs M, 1995, The Tudor and Jacobean Country House. A Building History. Sutton Publishing, Stroud. Alcock N, W, 1973, A Catalogue of Cruck Buildings. Vernacular Architecture Society. Alcock N W, 1996, The meaning of Insethouse, Vernacular Architecture 27, 8-9. Alcock N W, 1997, A Response to: Cruck Distribution: A Social Explanation by Eric Mercer’,Vernacular Architecture 28 (1997), 92-3. Alcock N W, 2002, The Distribution and Dating of Crucks and Base Crucks, Vernacular Architecture 33, 67-70. Alcock N W, 2007, The Origins of Crucks. A Rejoinder, Vernacular Architecture 38, 11-14. Brunskill R W, 1994, Timber Building in Britain. Victor Gollancz, London. Hewett, Cecil A. 1980, English Historic Carpentry, Philimore, 231-233. Hill N, 2005, On the Origins of Crucks: An Innocent Notion, Vernacular Architecture 36, 1-14. Mason, R.T.(un-dated) Framed Buildings of England, Coach Publishing House, Horsham Mercer E, 1996, Cruck Distribution: A Social Explanation, Vernacular Architecture 27, 1-2. Pearson S, 2001, The Chronological Distribution of Tree-Ring Dates, 1980-2001: An Update, Vernacular Architecture 32, 68-69. Ross, P., Mettem, C. and Holloway, A. 2007, Green Oak in Construction, TRADA Technology. Ryder, Peter 1982, Timber Framed Buildings in South Yorkshire, SYCC Archaeological Service Williams, Michael, 1992 Americans and Their Forests, Cambridge University Press
Depositing User: Charles Hippisley-Cox
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2016 14:52
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 12:06


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