Donnelly, S. E., Birtcher, R. C., Vishnyakov, Vladimir and Carter, G. (2003) Annealing of isolated amorphous zones in silicon. Applied Physics Letters, 82 (12). p. 1860. ISSN 0003-6951

In situ transmission electron microscopy has been used to observe the production and annealing of individual amorphous zones in silicon resulting from impacts of 200-keV Xe ions at room temperature. As has been observed previously, the total amorphous volume fraction decreases over a temperature range from room temperature to approximately 500 °C. When individual amorphous zones were monitored, however, there appeared to be no correlation of the annealing temperature with initial size: zones with similar starting sizes disappeared (crystallized) at temperatures anywhere from 70 °C to more than 400 °C. Frame-by-frame analysis of video recordings revealed that the recovery of individual zones is a two-step process that occurred in a stepwise manner with changes taking place over seconds, separated by longer periods of stability

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