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The Duke of Newcastle's war : Walpole's ministry and the war against Spain, 1737-1742

Woodfine, Philip (1994) The Duke of Newcastle's war : Walpole's ministry and the war against Spain, 1737-1742. Doctoral thesis, University of Huddersfield.

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    Abstract

    This thesis examines the last years of the Walpole ministry. It attempts to shed light on the
    inner workings of that ministry through an examination of its foreign policy, exploring the
    origins and impact of the 1739 war with Spain. This dissertation is the only extended
    modem study of the Anglo-Spanish diplomacy in these years. It is the only work to give
    adequate consideration both to the varying influence of British domestic pressures and to
    Spanish concerns. The thesis attempts to treat Spain's negotiations as variable, contingent
    on chance and on personalities, as well as on certain intractable beliefs and principles.
    Events are viewed largely from the perspective of the centre, the handful of leading
    ministers and diplomats who discussed and made political and diplomatic decisions. The
    personalities of ministers both in Spain and England, their interactions and rivalries and
    their differing views, are important to understanding how diplomacy worked. Though
    concentrating mainly on such interactions, and particularly the growing rivalry between
    Newcastle and Walpole, the thesis tries to show how influential others were. The inner
    circle of British ministers was preoccupied with the voice of those `without doors', and
    public opinion set limits to diplomacy even in Spain. The domestic context of British
    foreign policy included also a developing popular patriotism.

    The thesis contends that the Walpole ministry nearly succeeded in procuring a genuine
    commercial peace with Spain, and that the reasons for failure did not arise exclusively
    from domestic political clamour. Royal prestige and individual ministerial personalitites, in
    both countries, affected the outcome at least as much. The full explanation of a complex
    breakdown can only be found in a close attention to the chronology of negotiation. The
    thesis is therefore mainly chronological in form. In each chapter, though, an attempt is
    made to take up relevant themes and develop them with a less strict regard to chronology.
    Some issues, such as the role of monarchy, and of public opinion, the press campaign and
    Opposition tactics, the contribution of the South Sea Company, recur.

    Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
    Additional Information: EThOS Persistent ID uk.bl.ethos.239478
    Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D204 Modern History
    D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
    Schools: School of Music, Humanities and Media
    Related URLs:
    Depositing User: Graham Stone
    Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2009 11:23
    Last Modified: 28 Jul 2010 19:48
    URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/5980

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