Canter, David V. and Ioannou, Maria (2004) A multivariate model of stalking behaviours. Behaviormetrika, 31 (2). pp. 113-130. ISSN 0385-7417

In order to reveal the variations that exist among stalkers in terms of actual stalking
behaviours the range of offence actions that should be examined was derived from theoretical
accounts of the differences between offenders. Four distinct thematic foci were
hypothesised characterised by sexual, intimate, possessive and aggressive-destructive
modes of offender-victim interaction. To test these hypotheses 50 offences were content
analysed into 24 behavioural categories. The occurrence of these categories of
behaviour across all offences was examined using SSA-I. A modulating facet was proposed,
by analogy with previous studies, of violent sexual assaults that reflected the
intensity of personal contact the stalker imposes upon the victim, with the most intense
being the most differentiated and least frequent. The results lend support to the existence
of a intensity facet that modulates all four aspects identified from the published
literature, providing further evidence for a radex of criminality. This radex model is
used to indicate biases in the current sample of cases by postulating implicit elements
for future study. The implication of the radex model of stalking for the management of
and interventions in stalking are also considered as the basis for future explorations.

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