Mullice, Lucy A., Laye, Rebecca H., Harding, Lindsay P. and Buurma, Niklaas J. (2008) Rhenium complexes of chromophore-appended dipicolylamine ligands: syntheses, spectroscopic properties, DNA binding and X-ray crystal structure. New Journal of Chemistry, 32 (12). pp. 2140-2149. ISSN 1144-0546

The syntheses of two chromophore-appended dipicolylamine-derived ligands and their reactivity with pentacarbonylchlororhenium have been studied. The resultant complexes each possess the fac-Re(CO)3 core. The ligands L1 1-[bis(pyridine-2-ylmethyl)amino]methylpyrene and L2 2-[bis(pyridine-2-ylmethyl)amino]methylquinoxaline were isolated via a one-pot reductive amination in moderate yield. The corresponding rhenium complexes were isolated in good yields and characterised by 1H NMR, MS, IR and UV-Vis studies. X-Ray crystallographic data were obtained for fac-{Re(CO)3( L1)}(BF4), C34H26BF4N4O3Re: monoclinic, P2(1)/c, a = 18.327(2) , = 90.00°, b = 14.1537(14) , = 96.263(6)°, c = 23.511(3) , = 90.00°, 6062.4(11) 3, Z = 8. The luminescence properties of the ligands and complexes were also investigated, with the emission attributed to the appended chromophore in each case. Isothermal titration calorimetry suggests that fac-{Re(CO)3( L1)}(BF4) self-aggregates cooperatively in aqueous solution, probably forming micelle-like aggregates with a cmc of 0.18 mM. Investigations into the DNA-binding properties of fac-{Re(CO)3( L1)}(BF4) were undertaken and revealed that fac-{Re(CO)3( L1)}(BF4) binding to fish sperm DNA (binding constant 1.5 ± 0.2 × 105 M-1, binding site size 3.2 ± 0.3 base pairs) is accompanied by changes in the UV-Vis spectrum as typically observed for pyrene-based intercalators while the calorimetrically determined binding enthalpy (-14 ± 2 kcal mol-1) also agrees favourably with values as typically found for intercalators