Rushton, Melanie, Howarth, Michelle, Grant, Maria J. and Astin, Felicity (2017) Person Centred Discharge Education Following Coronary Artery Bypass Graft: A Critical Review. Journal of Clinical Nursing. ISSN 0962-1067

Aims and objectives:

This critical review examines the extent that individualised education helps reduce depression, anxiety and improves self-care for people who've undergone Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery (CABG).


Individualised discharge planning is increasingly important following cardiac surgery due to recurrent admissions as well as the issue of anxiety and depression, often due to lack of preparation. The hospital to home transition is fundamental in the recovery process.

Individualised education and person centred care ensures that patients’ educational needs are met. This empowers patients, increasing self efficacy or confidence, resulting in autonomy, a smoother discharge process and avoiding post discharge problems and rehospitalisation.


A critical review of published peer-reviewed literature was conducted.


Electronic databases searched included MEDLINE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library and PsychInfo 2009-2015.


Eight articles were identified for review, and a CASP framework was used to determine the quality of the papers, all of the papers focussed on CABG. The designs were typically experimental or quasi experimental with 2 reviews.


A greater understanding of the patients needs allows tailored education to be provided which promotes self care management. This level of patient empowerment increases confidence and ultimately minimise anxiety and depression. Despite the varying teaching and learning methods associated with individualised education, patient centred education has the potential to assist cardiac nurses in adequately preparing patients for discharge following their CABG.

Relevance to clinical practice:

Development of individualised education programmes is crucial in preparing patients for discharge. The reduction in readmission to hospital has a significant effect on already stretched resources, and the reduction in post operative complications during the recovery period linked with depression and anxiety will have a positive effect on the individuals’ ability to self-care, health and well being.

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