Oh, Kum Sik, Anchor, J.R and Jeong, Gap Yeon (2016) Reverse knowledge transfer from subsidiaries to MNCs in Korea: size matters. International Journal of Multinational Corporation Strategy, 1 (3/4). pp. 179-203. ISSN 2059-1047
Abstract

This paper attempts to identify the effects of knowledge transfer capacity and relational capital on the reverse transfer of local market information from subsidiaries within MNC networks. In particular, we try to examine the different influences of those determinants in organisations of different sizes. By using Spearman rank order correlation coefficients, we find that the key drivers for large subsidiaries are knowledge development capability, subsidiary autonomy and trust between subsidiaries and MNCs. The key drivers for medium-size firms are subsidiary willingness, trust and organisational distance. In the case of small firms, reverse knowledge transfer is driven by knowledge development capability, subsidiary autonomy and socialisation mechanisms. We believe that these findings offer valuable implications for both MNC managers and also for theory

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