Jan, Steven (2016) Understood at Last?: A Memetic Analysis of Beethoven’s ‘Bloody Fist’. In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 11th International Symposium, CMMR 2015, 9617 . Springer, Plymouth, UK, pp. 420-437. ISBN 978-3-319-46281-3

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As a singular moment in the western canon, the opening of the recapitulation in the first movement of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony has prompted a variety of structural and expressive readings. This paper explores its intertextual connections with Mozart’s Don Giovanni from a memetic perspective, outlining certain extra musical interpretations, including some related to Susan McClary’s controversial reading of the passage, one might infer from the strong musical connections.

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