Velagapudi, Ravikanth, Baco, Gina, Khela, Sunjeet, Okorji, Uchechukwu and Olajide, Olumayokun A (2015) Pomegranate inhibits neuroinflammation and amyloidogenesis in IL-1β stimulated SK-N-SH cells. European Journal of Nutrition. ISSN 1436-6207

Purpose: Pomegranate fruit, Punica granatum L. (Punicaceae) and its constituents have been shown to inhibit inflammation. In this study we aimed to assess the effects of freeze-dried pomegranate (PWE) on PGE2 production in IL-1β stimulated SK-N-SH cells.
Methods: An enzyme immuno assay (EIA) was used to measure prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production from supernatants of IL-1β stimulated SK-N-SH cells. Expression of COX-2, phospho-IκB and phospho-IKK proteins were evaluated, while NF-κB reporter gene assay was carried out in TNFα-stimulated HEK293 cells to determine the effect of PWE on NF-κB transactivation. Levels of BACE-1 and Aβ in SK-N-SH
cells stimulated with IL-1β were measured with an in cell ELISA.
Results: PWE (25-200 µg/ml) dose dependently reduced COX-2 dependent PGE2 production in SK-N-SH cells stimulated with IL-1β. Phosphorylation of IκB and IKK
were significantly (p<0.001) inhibited by PWE (50- 200 µg/ml). Our studies also show that PWE (50-200 µg/ml) significantly (p<0.01) inhibited NF-κB transactivation in TNFα-stimulated HEK293 cells. Furthermore PWE inhibited BACE-1 and Aβ expression in SK-N-SH cells treated with IL-1β.
Conclusions: Taken together, our study demonstrates that pomegranate inhibits inflammation, as well as amyloidogenesis in IL-1β-stimulated SK-N-SH cells. We
propose that pomegranate is a potential nutritional strategy in slowing the progression of neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer’s disease.

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