Bibby, M.C., Double, J.A., Phillips, Roger M. and Loadman, Paul M. (1987) Factors involved in the anti-cancer activity of the investigational agents LM985 (flavone acetic acid ester) and LM975 (flavone acetic acid). British Journal of Cancer, 55 (2). pp. 159-163. ISSN 0007-0920

LM985 has been shown previously to hydrolyse to flavone acetic acid (LM975) in mouse plasma and to produce significant anti-tumour effects in transplantable mouse colon tumours (MAC). It has undergone Phase I clinical trials and dose limiting toxicity was acute reversible hypotension. Substantially higher doses of LM975 can be given clinically without dose limiting toxicity. We have investigated the activity of LM975 against a panel of MAC tumours and also the in vitro cytotoxicity of both LM985 and LM975 in two cell lines derived from MAC tumours. LM985 is considerably more cytotoxic than LM975 in vitro but increased length of exposure to LM975 results in improved activity. Single in vivo injection of LM975 showed no activity against the ascitic tumour MAC 15A, moderate activity against the s.c. poorly differentiated tumour MAC 13 and produced a significant growth delay in the well differentiated MAC 26. These latter responses were considerably enhanced by repeated injection 7 days later. Pharmacokinetic studies in mice following i.p. injection of LM985 demonstrated rapid degradation of LM985 to LM975 in the peritoneum. Length of exposure as well as drug concentration appear important factors in determining anti-tumour responses.

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