Tang, Xiaoyun, Cai, Huifen, Wright, Len Tiu and Kooli, Kaouther (2014) Innovation Support and SMEs in China. Conference Proceedings: The Business and Management Review, 5 (1). p. 312. ISSN 2047-2854

To compete globally, governments need to stimulate innovation as a key driver in promoting economic
development and SMEs play an important role in helping to drive economic growth. This paper concentrates on
innovation in SMEs as part of the National Innovation System (NIS) in China using the Yearbook of Chinese SMEs
1997-2008 and Government Notices. The study develops a framework of Chinese innovation policy under NIS and
its increasing significance in the Chinese economy. We find that the Chinese NIS gave inadequate stimulus to the
activities of SMEs, which is reflected in the organizational institutions, legislation, financial resources, business
innovation support systems and human resource policy. The importance of NIS and its relations to SMEs was
under-rated despite its contribution to China’s economic and technical growth. Thus, the study contributes to
literature on the evolution of NIS by examining the innovation in the SMEs’ impaired conditions in emerging
markets. The new required policy should be purposeful and intentionally diffused to encourage SMEs to grow in
both domestic and international global markets.

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