Glot, A.B., Mazurik, S.V., Jones, Benjamin, Bondarchuk, A.N., Bulpett, R and Verma, N (2010) Current limiting and negative differential resistance in indium oxide based ceramics. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 30 (2). pp. 539-544. ISSN 09552219

Indium oxide based ceramics with bismuth oxide addition were sintered in air in the temperature range 800-1300 ºC. Current-voltage characteristics of In2O3-Bi2O3 ceramics sintered at different temperatures are weakly nonlinear. After an additional heat treatment in air at about 200 ºC samples sintered at a temperature within the narrow range of about 1050-1100 ºC exhibit a current-limiting effect accompanied by low-frequency current oscillations. It is shown that the observed electrical properties are controlled by the grain-boundary barriers and the heat treatment in air at 200 ºC leads to the decrease in the barrier height. Electrical measurements, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results suggest that the current-limiting effect observed in In2O3-Bi2O3 may be explained in terms of a modified barrier model; the observed current-limiting effect is the result of an increase of barrier height with increasing electric field, due to additional oxygen absorption. It is found that In2O3-Bi2O3-Co3O4-Cr2O3 ceramic exhibits current-voltage characteristics with negative differential resistance due to Joule micro heating.

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