Zarrebini-Esfahani, A., Ristic, M., Long, K. and Seviour, Rebecca (2010) 3D Simulation of the Effects of Surface Defects on Field Emitted Electrons. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference IPAC 2010. JACoW, Kyoto, Japan, pp. 3004-3006. ISBN 978-92-9083-352-9

The ev­er-grow­ing de­mand for high­er beam en­er­gies has dra­mat­i­cal­ly in­creased the risk of RF break­down, lim­it­ing the max­i­mum achiev­able ac­cel­er­at­ing gra­di­ent. Field emis­sion is the most fre­quent­ly en­coun­tered RF break­down where it oc­curs at re­gions of lo­cal­ly en­hanced elec­tric field. Elec­trons ac­cel­er­at­ed across the cav­i­ty as they tun­nel through the sur­face in the pres­ence of mi­cro­scop­ic de­fects. Upon Im­pact, most of the ki­net­ic en­er­gy is con­vert­ed into heat and stress. This can in­flict ir­re­versible dam­age to the sur­face, cre­at­ing ad­di­tion­al field emis­sion sites. This work aims to in­ves­ti­gate, through sim­u­la­tion, the physics in­volved dur­ing both emis­sion and im­pact of elec­trons. A newly de­vel­oped 3D field model of an 805 MHz cav­i­ty is gen­er­at­ed by COM­SOL Mul­ti­physics. Elec­tron track­ing is per­formed using a Mat­lab based code, cal­cu­lat­ing the rel­e­vant pa­ram­e­ters need­ed by em­ploy­ing fourth Order Runge Kutta in­te­gra­tion. By study­ing such be­haviours in 3D, it is pos­si­ble to iden­ti­fy how the cav­i­ty sur­face can alter the local RF field and lead to break­down and sub­se­quent dam­ages. The ul­ti­mate aim is to in­tro­duce new sur­face stan­dards to en­sure bet­ter cav­i­ty per­for­mance.

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