Bennett, J.R.J., Skoro, G.P., Booth, C., Brooks, S.J., Brownsword, R.A., Edgecock, R., Densham, C.J., Gray, S.A., McFarland, A.J., Simos, N. and Wilkins, D. (2008) Thermal shock measurements and modelling for solid high-power targets at high temperatures. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 377 (1). pp. 285-289. ISSN 0022-3115

A description of lifetime shock tests on tantalum and tungsten is given and of modelling studies as part of the research into solid targets for a Neutrino Factory. A fast high current pulse is applied to a thin wire of the sample material and the number of pulses measured before the wire visibly deteriorates. These measurements are made at temperatures up to ∼2000 K. The stress on the wire is calculated and compared to the stress expected in the target using the computer code LS-DYNA. It has been found that tantalum is too weak to sustain prolonged stress at these temperatures but a tungsten wire has reached over 13 million pulses (equivalent to 10 years of operation) at the stress expected in the target. Further work is in progress to study graphite and other materials. Measurement of the surface acceleration of the wire using a VISAR are to be made, which, combined with LS-DYNA modelling, will allow the evaluation of the constitutive equations of state of the materials at high temperature and provide a more accurate model of the stresses in a number of target geometries.