Whelan, S, Armour, D.G, Van den Berg, Jakob, Goldberg, R.D, Zhang, S, Bailey, Paul and Noakes, T.C.Q (2000) Implant temperature dependence of transient-enhanced diffusion in silicon (100) implanted with low-energy arsenic ions. Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, 3 (4). pp. 285-290. ISSN 1369-8001

The diffusion of arsenic implanted into silicon at low ion energies (2.5 keV) has been studied with medium-energy ion scattering, secondary ion mass spectrometry and four-point probe measurements. The dopant redistribution together with the corresponding damage recovery and electrical activation produced by high-temperature (550–975°C) rapid thermal anneals has been investigated for a range of substrate temperatures (+25, +300 and −120°C) during implant. Initial results show an implant temperature dependence of the damage structure and arsenic lattice position prior to anneal. Solid-phase epitaxial regrowth was observed following 550°C, 10 s anneals for all implant temperatures and resulted in approximately 60% of the implanted arsenic moving to substitutional positions. Annealing at 875°C resulted in similar arsenic redistribution for all implant temperatures. Following annealing at 925°C, transient-enhanced diffusion was observed in all samples with more rapid diffusion in the +25°C samples than either the −120 or +300°C implants, which had similar dopant profiles. In the 975°C anneal range, similar rates of implant redistribution were observed for the +300 and +25°C implants, while diffusion in the −120°C sample was reduced. These observations are discussed qualitatively in terms of the nature and density of the complex defects existing in the as-implanted samples.

Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email