Kilcoyne, Susan H., Yu, D.H., Diriavig, J., Loh, N., Woodward, R., Lin, H.J., Chang, F.H., Stampfl, A. and Robinson, R.A. (2009) Investigation of field-induced ferromagnetism in Pd–Ni–Fe–P metallic glass by x-ray magnetic circular dichroism. Applied Physics Letters, 94 (2). 022502-022504. ISSN 0003-6951

We have applied x-ray magnetic circular dichroism to investigate the field-induced ferromagnetism
in Pd40Ni22.5Fe17.5P20 alloy. The experiment revealed that both Ni and Fe were in a divalent state and
that the magnetic properties of the material were determined by the localized 3d electrons of the
transition metals. No clear evidence of Ruderman–Kittel–Kasuya–Yosida-type interaction among
magnetic clusters was observed. It is believed that the detailed balance of fundamental spin-orbit
and exchange interactions as a function of temperature and applied magnetic field determine the
different magnetic properties of the alloy.

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