Elliott, Paul I. (2006) Formation and reactivity of Ir(III) hydroxycarbonyl complexes. Inorganic Chemistry, 45 (16). pp. 6269-6275. ISSN 00201669

Kinetic studies show that the reaction of [TpIr(CO)2] (1, Tp = hydrotris(pyrazolyl)borate) with water to give [TpIr(CO2H)(CO)H] (2) is second order (k = 1.65 × 10-4 dm3 mol-1 s-1, 25 C, MeCN) with activation parameters H = 46±2 kJ mol-1 and S = -162±5 J K-1 mol-1. A kinetic isotope effect of kH2O/kD2O = 1.40 at 20 C indicates that O-H/D bond cleavage is involved in the rate-determining step. Despite being more electron rich than 1, [Tp*Ir(CO)2] (1*, Tp* = hydrotris(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)borate) reacts rapidly with adventitious water to give [Tp*Ir(CO2H)(CO)H] (2*). A proposed mechanism consistent with the relative reactivity of 1 and 1* involves initial protonation of Ir(I) followed by nucleophilic attack on a carbonyl ligand. An X-ray crystal structure of 2* shows dimer formation via pairwise H-bonding interactions of hydroxycarbonyl ligands (r(O···O) 2.65 Å). Complex 2* is thermally stable but (like 2) is amphoteric, undergoing dehydroxylation with acid to give [Tp*Ir(CO)2H]+ (3*) and decarboxylation with OH- to give [Tp*Ir(CO)H2] (4*). Complex 2 undergoes thermal decarboxylation above ca. 50 C to give [TpIr(CO)H2] (4) in a first-order process with activation parameters H = 115±4 kJ mol-1 and S = 60±10 J K-1 mol-1

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