Gillie, Lisa .J., de Souza, Sharon A., Sheptyakov, Denis, Reeves-McLaren, Nik, Pasero, Denis and West, Anthony R. (2010) Synthesis, structural characterization and Li+ ion conductivity of a new vanado-molybdate phase, LiMg3VMo2O12. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 183 (11). pp. 2589-2597. ISSN 00224596

A new vanado-molybdate LiMg3VMo2O12 has been synthesized, the crystal structure determined and ionic conductivity measured. The solid solution Li2-zMg2+zVzMo3-zO12 was investigated and the structures of the z=0.5 and 1.0 compositions were refined by Rietveld analysis of powder X-ray (XRD) and powder neutron diffraction (ND) data. The structures were refined in the orthorhombic space group Pnma with a~5.10, b~10.4 and c~17.6 Å, and are isostructural with the previously-reported double molybdates Li2M2(MoO4)3 (M=M2+, z=0). The structures comprise of two unique (Li/Mg)O6 octahedra, (Li/Mg)O6 trigonal prisms and two unique (Mo/V)O4 tetrahedra. A well-defined 1:3 ratio of Li+:Mg2+ is observed in octahedral chains for LiMg3VMo2O12. Li+ preferentially occupies trigonal prisms and Mg2+ favours octahedral sheets. Excess V5+ adjacent to the octahedral sheets may indicate short-range order. Ionic conductivity measured by impedance spectroscopy (IS) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements show the presence of a phase transition, at 500-600 °C, depending on x. A decrease in activation energy for Li+ ion conductivity occurs at the phase transition and the high temperature structure is a good Li+ ion conductor with σ~1×10-3 to 4×10-2 Scm-1 and Ea~0.6 to 0.8 eV.

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