Zheng, H., Woodward, D.I., Gillie, Lisa .J. and Reaney, I.M. (2006) Structure and microwave dielectric properties of BaLa4Ti4O15. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 18. pp. 7051-7062. ISSN 0953-8984

BaLa4Ti4O15 (BLT) is a compound with a Ti-deficient, layered perovskite-related structure. Dense BLT ceramics have been produced and their crystal structures and microstructures are investigated. The average macroscopic structure of BLT powder is considered to be hexagonal with space group , but there is some evidence in high-order x-ray diffraction peaks of asymmetry. Energy-dispersive x-ray analysis and Raman spectroscopy have illustrated that there is a heterogeneous distribution of constituent cations which may induce asymmetry as a result of the presence of two hexagonal phases of slightly different lattice parameter. Despite this inhomogeneity, BLT exhibits a microwave quality factor (Qf) of ~44 000 GHz, a relative permittivity (εr) of ~45, and a temperature coefficient of resonant frequency (τf) of -2 ppm °C-1. In addition, anisotropy in the properties of the ceramic has been observed, with εr found to be larger when measured normal to the pressing direction

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