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The Catholic Gentry and the Catholic Community of the City of York, 1536-1642: The focus of a Catholic county?

Bastow, Sarah L. (2001) The Catholic Gentry and the Catholic Community of the City of York, 1536-1642: The focus of a Catholic county? York Historian (18). pp. 13-22. ISSN 0309-3743

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Abstract

This essay explores the survival of Catholicism in Elizabethan and early-Stuart York, the links
which sustained this and the commonality between Catholic gentry in the county and their fellow communicants
in the city.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: UoA 62 (History) © The Yorkshire Architectural and York Archaeological Society 2001
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BR Christianity
D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D111 Medieval History
Schools: School of Music, Humanities and Media
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References: 1. J.C.H. Aveling, Catholic Recusancy in the City of York, 1558-1791 (Catholic Record Society [Monograph Series] 2, 1970); A.G. Dickens, Lollards and Protestants in the Diocese of York (Oxford, 1959); D.M. Palliser, Tudor York (Oxford, 1979). 2. J.C.H. Aveling, Post Reformation Catholicism in East Yorkshire, 1558-1790 (York, 1960); The Catholic Recusants of the West Riding of Yorkshire 1558-1790 (Proceedings of the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society, 10 [6], 1963); Northern Catholics: The Catholic Recusants of the North Riding of Yorkshire 1558-1790 (London, 1966); Catholic Recusancy in the City of York, 1558-1791 (Catholic Record Society, [Monograph Series] 2, 1970), 3. A.G. Dickens, Lollards and Protestants in the Diocese of York 1509-1558 (London, 1959); The Marian Reaction in the Dioceses of York: The Clergy, {Part 1} and The Laity, {Part 1I} (Borthwick Institute of Historical Research Pamphlets II and 12, 1957 &1958). 4. Aveling, Catholic Recusancy in the City of York, p. 159. 5. SP/15/77, summarised in CSPD Elizabeth: Addenda 1566-79, p. 139. 6. J. Morris (ed.), The Troubles of our Catholic Forefathers related by themselves (London, 1872-7). 7. Aveling, Catholic Recusancy in the City of York, p. 1. 8. Aveling, Catholic Recusancy in the City of York, p. 159. 9. Palliser, Tudor York, p. 226. 10. Palliser, Tudor York, p. 227. 11. M.C. Cross and N. Vickers, Monks, Friars and Nuns in Sixteenth Century Yorkshire (YAS RS, 150, 1995), pp. 62-5, 78. 12. J.S. Purvis, The Elizabethan High Commission of York: The Act Book 156112-1580 (York, 1979), p. 14. 13. Borthwick Institute of Historical Research, York, Visitation Court Books 1568, R.VII A3/f. 83; Aveling, Catholic Recusancy in the City of York, p. 166. 14. Borthwick, Visitation Court Books 1568, R.VI/A3/f.1l5, f.150, f.225; Visitation Court Books 1568-9, R.VI/A3/ f.34; Aveling, Catholic Recusancy in the City of York, pp. 166-9. 15. J. Barry and C. Brooks, The Middling Sort of People: Society and Politics in England, 1500- 1800 (London, 1994); A. Esler, The Aspiring Mind of the Elizabethan Younger Generation (Durham, 1966); A. Everett, 'Social Mobility in Early Modem England', Past and Present, 33 (1966), 56-73; J.H. Hexter, 'The Myth of the Middle Class in Tudor England', in Reappraisals in History (London, 1961), pp. 71-116; Wilfrid Prest (ed.), The Professions in Early Modern England (London, 1987), chapters 4 and 5. Barry and Brooks emphasize the professions as almost exclusively under the influence of the 'middle classes', whereas Hexter's earlier interpretation was emphatic in denying the existence of any concept of the middle class in early modem England. 16. Aveling, Catholic Recusancy in the City of York, p. 159; L.B. Wright, Middle Class Culture in Elizabethan England (Methuen, London, 1935, reprinted 1964), pp.l-18. 17. Miscellanea XlI (Catholic Record Society, 22, 1921), pp. 12-36. Those appearing on the diocesan return of recusants for 1577 who were listed and dwelling in the city of York were: Anne Wendell (butcher's wife), Margaret Clitheroe (butcher's wife), Isabell Porter (tailor's wife), Janet Geldarte, (butcher's wife), Margaret Tailor (tailor's wife), Elizabeth Dineleye (Mayor's wife), Lady Pacock (alderman's wife), Edward Beseley and Bridget his wife (gent.), William Hooton, Mary Hooton (draper and his wife), Dorothy Vavasour (doctor's wife), Emot Hallidaie (girdler's wife), Janet Geldart (butcher's wife - Lancelot), Frances Hall (draper's wife), Agnes Kitchynman (carpenter's wife), Alice Cowlinge (butcher's wife), Elizabeth Cowlinge (butcher's daughter), Jane Weste (servant to George Hall), Janet Bachelor (butcher's wife), Rayne (butcher's wife), Cockbume (butcher's wife), __ Fysher (butcher's wife), Anne Hewett and Margaret Hewwett, Gregorie Wilkinson, Agnes Wilkinson (hatter and his wife), Alice Abbaye (widow), William Wrighte, Anne Cooke (saddler's wife), Alice Lobleye (tanner's wife), William Bowman and his wife (locksmith), Grace Wood (gent's wife) John Aldcorne, Alice Aldcorne (tiler and his wife), Elizabeth Langton (currier's wife), Alice Mashroder (potter's wife), Alice Aldcorn (tiler's wife), Anne Godfreye (servant), Jane Plowman (widow), Margaret Plowman (daughter), Isabel Yeoman (servant), Katheryn Wildon (tailor's wife), Margaret Tessymond (saddler's wife), Alice Durham (barber's wife), John Wood (tailor), Janet Wilkinson, Elizabeth Wilkinson, __ Williamson (labourer's wife), Thomas Wood, Agnes Wood (labourer and his wife), Richard Braserton, Agnes Wygan, Katherine Gills. 18. Purvis, Elizabethan High Commission of York, p.56 (47), f. 52v. listed John Vavasour of Haselwood esq., Christopher Vavasour of Haselwood, gent., Sir Richard Stapleton, Knt. and Marmaduke Langdale of Saths Kerle. 19. Purvis, The Elizabethan High Commission of York, p.56 (f. 47-52v). The men of York not named in the main text were: Wm. Tod of York, Goldsmith, Thomas Taylor, tailor, Thomas Southwork of York, tailors, Thomas Homer of York, armourer, John Wiseman of York, James Gibson of York, tailor, John Kirkby of York, bowyer, his surety, Anthony Vawse of York tapiter, John Acclam of York tiler, John Wright of York, apothecary, George Hall of York, draper, Thomas Lister of York, tailor, George Jackson of York, tanner, Francis Killingbeck of York, William Wood of York, gent. The women who appeared in the same entry were Alice wife of John Cowling of York, Ellen Geldart, Millicent wife of William Calvert of York, Ellen Mudd, Isabel wife of Peter Porter of York, tailor, Frances Ellis wife Humph. Ellis of York, tailor, Jane Preston, __ wife of John Wiseman of York. 20. Purvis, Elizabethan High Commission of York, p.31,(6). 21. Purvis, Elizabethan High Commission of York, p.70 (74 and 74v.) 22. Purvis, Elizabethan High Commission of York, p.31(4). 23. E. Peacock, A List of Roman Catholics in Yorkshire in 1604, p. - 24. M. Claridge, Margaret Clitherow 1556-1586 (London, 1966), pp. 131-3. 25. Aveling, Catholic Recusancy in the City of York, p. 159. 26. Peacock, Catholics in Yorkshire 1604, pp. 56- 60. 27. Miscellanea Xll (Catholic Record Society, 22, 1921), p. 23 & n.; Peacock, Catholics in Yorkshire 1604, p. 59. Christopher Harbarte was on the list for Walmgate ward. Elizabeth Dynley did not die until 1599 and was buried at St. Michael le Belfry. She was still named as Elizabeth Dynley despite her re-marriage and listed as a recusant. 28. Peacock, Catholics in Yorkshire 1604, p. 59. 29. M.C. Barnett, 'Medicine and the Health Services in York' in A. Stacpoole (ed.), The Noble City of York, (York, 1972), p. 895. 30. Purvis, The Elizabethan High Commission of York, p. 30. 31. J. Bossy, The English Catholic Community 1570-1850 (London, 1975); C. Haigh, Reformation and Resistance in Tudor Lancashire (Cambrigde, 1975). 32. Aveling, Catholic Recusancy in the City of York, p. 84. These are the two families who Aveling holds up as maintaining Catholicism within the City. 33. M. Gandy, 'Ordinary Catholics in Mid- Seventeenth Century London', in Catholics of Parish and Town 1558-1778, ed. M.B. Rowlands (CRS Monograph Series [5], 1999), p.157. York Historian 18 34. Memoranda Book of Richard Cholmley, p. 113. 35. Peacock, Catholics in Yorkshire 1604, p. 56- 60; M. Pelling, 'Medical Practice in the Early Modern England: Trade or Profession?', in W. Prest (ed.), The Professions in Early Modern England (London, 1987), pp. 90-128. Many parishes failed to return numbers, especially in the North Riding due to the outbreak of plague. 36. CSPD 1566-79, Addenda, pp. 223-4. 37. North Yorkshire County Record Office, ZQGIMIC 1456, f. 92v.; Memoranda Book of Richard Cholmley, p. 183. 38. Memoranda Book of Richard Cholmley, pp. 85, 158, 170, 183, 195,229. The 'physicians' consulted included a Mr. Blackburn, Jane Pennythorne of Sherburn 'formley called the skylfull woman of Marshland', Mr. Wendell, Doctor Fryer and Dr. Lapworth of Oxford whom he lists as his physician. 39. Memoranda Book of Richard Cholmley, p. ix. 40. Purvis, Elizabethan High Commission, p. 31 (3v.). 41. Purvis, Elizabethan High Commission of York, p. 70 (74). 42. Borthwick, High Commission Book 1574-6, ff. 27v. ff; Aveling, Catholic Recusancy in the City of York 1558-1791 (Catholic Record Society [Record Series], 2, 1970), p. 42. 43. J. Eales, Women in Early Modern England, 1500-1700 (London, 1998), p. 72; S. Mendleson and P. Crawford, Women in Early Modern England 1550-1720 (Oxford, 1998), p. 153. Medleson and Crawford state that by the early eighteenth century some aristocratic London women were attended by male doctors in childbirth but that 'only adult women were present at the beginning of our period, and even after the incursion of the male midwife, the majority of women gave birth in an allfemale environment.' 44. Borthwick, High Commission, First Act Book RVII, AI, 3; Purvis, Elizabethan High Commission, p. 30. 45. Borthwick, High Commission, First Act Book RVII, AI, 3; Purvis, Elizabethan High Commission, p. 30. 46. Purvis, Elizabethan High Commission, p. 81 (101). Bonds dated 17 and 24 April 1582. 47. Historical Manuscripts Commission, Calendar of the Manuscripts of the Marquis of Salisbury, (London, 1899), VII, 514-6. 48. Salisbury MSS, VII, 514-5. 49. Salisbury MSS, X, 280-1. 50. C. Talbot, Miscellanea Recusant Records (CRS, 53,1960), pp. 276-7. 51. J.C.H. Aveling (ed.) Miscellanea: Recusant Papers of the Meynell Family (CRS, 56,1964), p.lO. 52. Claridge, Margaret Clitherow, p. 131.
Depositing User: Sara Taylor
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2007
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2018 16:52
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/469

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