Cameron, Derek, Gore, Julie, Desombre, Terry and Riley, Mike (1999) Discussion paper: An examination of the reciprocal affects of occupation culture and organisation culture: the case of chefs in hotels. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 18 (3). pp. 225-234. ISSN 02784319

A reciprocal and adversarial relationship between occupation and organisation culture is
hypothesised and illustrated by the example of chef culture. The paper argues that the
relationship is dominated by one construct; the ability to confer identity. This suggestion is
examined in detail and the discussion progresses to centre around the output of chefs in terms of
standards and skills, and the threat to them brought about by marketing and economics. The
discussion then outlines the adaptive nature of culture. The paper concludes that the key
di!erential between occupation culture and organisation culture may be associated with
concepts of time and change.

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