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Development of Enantioselective and Catalytic Cyclisation Reactions Using Hypervalent Iodine Compounds

Kamouka, Somaia Taher (2017) Development of Enantioselective and Catalytic Cyclisation Reactions Using Hypervalent Iodine Compounds. Doctoral thesis, University of Huddersfield.

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Abstract

In this thesis, iodoarene and chiral iodoarene reagents have been developed and used catalytically in the enantioselective cyclisation reaction of unsaturated esters, amides and β-amidoketones. The results in this thesis are divided into three parts.

In the first part, the development of the catalytic enantioselective cyclisation of 4-methoxy but-3-enyl benzoate to the 3-hydroxytetrahydrofuran ester using enantiomerically pure chiral hypervalent iodine reagents generated in situ is described. A good enantioselectivity of 77% ee was obtained with moderate yield.

In the second part, the development of catalytic conditions for the cyclisation of N-alkenylarylamides induced by iodoarenes leading to the formation of different ring sizes is demonstrated. In addition, the catalytic enantioselective cyclisation of N-alkenylarylamides employing chiral iodoarenes giving dihydrooxazines in good yields and moderate enantioselectivities of up to 64% is achieved.

In the third part, the catalytic cyclisation of both propargyl amides and β-amidoketones using 2-iodoanisole to afford 2-oxazolines in good yields is described.

Moreover, the catalytic enantioselective cyclisation of β-amidoketones using several chiral iodoarenes is detailed but, unfortunately almost no enantioselectivities was observed.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Schools: School of Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Jonathan Cook
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2018 12:11
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2018 01:38
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/34150

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