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Differentiating contract killers: A narrative based approach

Yaneva, Miroslava, Ioannou, Maria and Hammond, Laura (2017) Differentiating contract killers: A narrative based approach. The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. ISSN 1468-2311 (In Press)

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Previous attempts to determine contract killers’ behaviour have not benefitted from any formal
psychological framework of behavioural distinction. The Narrative Action System model (NAS
model; Canter & Youngs, 2009) offers an empirical basis for differentiating contract killings and
examining the psychological underpinnings of different contract killer styles. The model identifies
four major narrative offender types – Professional, Revenger, Hero, and Victim. The present study
aims to examine whether these themes can be applied to contract killing. Content analysis of 75
contract killer cases identified 56 crime scene actions. Data were subjected to a non-metric
multidimensional scaling procedure, namely Smallest Space Analysis (SSA-I). Findings revealed four
distinct types of contract killers that could be related to the four modes of offending proposed by the
NAS model. Differences in the thematic structure of contract killing offences are discussed, and
implications are offered for clinical and investigative purposes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Contract killers; multidimensional structure; crime scene behaviors; criminal differentiation; Investigative Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Schools: School of Human and Health Sciences
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Depositing User: Sally Hughes
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2017 09:16
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2017 09:20


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