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New evidence about regional income divergence in China

Lau, Marco Chi Keung (2010) New evidence about regional income divergence in China. China Economic Review, 21 (2). pp. 293-309. ISSN 1043951X

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Abstract

There are many empirical studies trying to test if there is income convergence across the provinces of China. In this paper, we bring new information to the current literature by applying non-linear panel unit root test of Exponential Smooth Auto-Regressive Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ESTAR-ADF) unit root test developed by Cerrato et al. (2008) to the time series data for the period 1952–2003. The number of converging provinces decreases in the post-reform period when using panel ESTAR-ADF test. Furthermore, our results find evidence of increasing regional disparity that has been prevailing in China since the open door economic reforms of the late 1970s, which confirms the view of Pedroni and Yao (2006) that interprovincial inequalities have been widening since 1978.

In addition, we also examine the determinants of conditional convergence in China. The results indicate that low inflation, transport and telecommunication infrastructure, and trade openness could stimulate economic growth in China. Human capital also play a significant role in growth, and it exhibits non-linearity between human capital and growth in the sense that at low levels of human capital the effect on growth is negative and became positive at middle levels.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: China regional conditional and unconditional income convergence; Panel non-linear unit root test; ESTAR
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Schools: Huddersfield Business School
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Chi Keung Lau
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2017 12:11
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2017 12:11
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/34008

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