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Perspective taking and theory of mind in hide and seek

Street, Chris N. H., Bischof, Walter F. and Kingstone, Alan (2017) Perspective taking and theory of mind in hide and seek. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics. ISSN 1943-393X

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Abstract

Does theory of mind play a significant role in where people choose to hide an item or where they search for an item that has been hidden? Adapting the "Hide-Find Paradigm" of Anderson et al. (2014), participants viewed homogenous or popout visual arrays on a touchscreen table. Their task was to indicate where in the array they would hide an item, or to search for an item that had been hidden, by either a friend or a foe. Critically, participants believed that their sitting location at the touchtable was the same as - or opposite to - their partner's location. Replicating Anderson et al. participants tended to (1) select items nearer to themselves on homogenous displays, and this bias was stronger for a friend than foe; and (2) select popout items, and again, more for a friend than foe. These biases were observed only when participants believed that they shared the same physical perspective as their partner. Collectively the data indicate that theory of mind plays a significant role in hiding and finding, and demonstrate that the hide-find paradigm is a powerful tool for investigating theory of mind in adults.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Visual search; Embodied perception
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Schools: School of Human and Health Sciences > Centre for Applied Psychological Research
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Depositing User: Chris Street
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2017 13:11
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2017 13:28
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/33925

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