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Does Mentoring Make a Difference for Women Academics? Evidence from the Literature and a Guide for Future Research

Meschitti, Viviana and Lawton Smith, Helen (2017) Does Mentoring Make a Difference for Women Academics? Evidence from the Literature and a Guide for Future Research. Journal of Research in Gender Studies, 7 (1). pp. 166-199. ISSN 2164-0262

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Abstract

This paper aims at reviewing literature on mentoring in academia, with a focus on mentoring to enhance women’s careers. A significant gender imbalance in science persists, and mentoring has been recognized as an important instrument for fostering academic women’s careers and addressing such imbalance. However, often the benefits of mentoring are taken for granted. This review aims to unpack the concept of mentoring, understand which trends characterize the mentoring literature, and analyze the evidence; moreover, it aims to discover potential gaps and propose a model to guide future research. A systematic approach is undertaken: four relevant search engines, covering more disciplines, are browsed to look for empirical studies on mentoring academic women from 1990 to March 2017. The review shows that there are some problems. First, there is no agreement on the definition of mentoring. Then, often studies are poorly grounded from a theoretical and conceptual perspective. In addition to the dominating research stream, focused on the benefits for the mentee, three other streams are consolidating: impact on the mentors, the role of group mentoring, and mentoring as an instrument to change institutions. At the end, we propose a model to guide future studies built on a longitudinal perspective.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mentoring; Women; Academia; Gender imbalance; Literature review
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Schools: Huddersfield Business School
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Viviana Meschitti
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2017 08:09
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 08:13
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/33740

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