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Effect of Sodium Hydroxide pre-Treatment on the Optical and Structural Properties of Lyocell

Goswami, Parikshit, Blackburn, Richard S., El-Dessouky, Hassan M., Taylor, Jim and White, Patrick (2009) Effect of Sodium Hydroxide pre-Treatment on the Optical and Structural Properties of Lyocell. European Polymer Journal, 45 (2). pp. 455-465. ISSN 0014-3057

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Abstract

Lyocell is a type of regenerated cellulose. Fibres spun from cellulose solution in N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide hydrate consist of crystalline cellulose II and amorphous cellulose. Lyocell fabrics were treated with aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (NaOH) to study the influence of alkali on optical and structural properties. It was observed that sodium hydroxide treatment causes the density, orientation and crystallinity of lyocell fibre to decrease with increasing sodium hydroxide concentration, a corresponding decrease in tensile strength is also observed. The greatest change in fibre properties occurs between 3.0 and 5.0 mol dm−3 NaOH. This is attributed to the onset of formation of Na–cellulose II at 3.0 mol dm−3 NaOH; a fully formed Na–cellulose II structure is expected above 6.8 mol dm−3 NaOH. Formation of Na–cellulose II causes plasticization of the lyocell fibres as both inter- and intra-molecular hydrogen bonds are broken by these higher sodium hydroxide concentrations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Swelling; Optics; Polysaccharides; Density; TEM; Fibres
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Schools: School of Art, Design and Architecture
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Jonathan Cook
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2017 07:45
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 09:51
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/33145

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