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The detrimental effects of emotional process dysregulation on decision-making in substance dependence

Murphy, Anna, Taylor, Eleanor and Elliott, Rebecca (2012) The detrimental effects of emotional process dysregulation on decision-making in substance dependence. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 6 (101). ISSN 1662-5145

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Abstract

Substance dependence is complex and multifactorial, with many distinct pathways involved in both the development and subsequent maintenance of addictive behaviors. Various cognitive mechanisms have been implicated, including impulsivity, compulsivity, and impaired decision-making. These mechanisms are modulated by emotional processes, resulting in increased likelihood of initial drug use, sustained substance dependence, and increased relapse during periods of abstinence. Emotional traits, such as sensation-seeking, are risk factors for substance use, and chronic drug use can result in further emotional dysregulation via effects on reward, motivation, and stress systems. We will explore theories of hyper and hypo sensitivity of the brain reward systems that may underpin motivational abnormalities and anhedonia. Disturbances in these systems contribute to the biasing of emotional processing toward cues related to drug use at the expense of natural rewards, which serves to maintain addictive behavior, via enhanced drug craving. We will additionally focus on the sensitization of the brain stress systems that result in negative affect states that continue into protracted abstinence that is may lead to compulsive drug-taking. We will explore how these emotional dysregulations impact upon decision-making controlled by goal-directed and habitual action selections systems, and, in combination with a failure of prefrontal inhibitory control, mediate maladaptive decision-making observed in substance dependent individuals such that they continue drug use in spite of negative consequences. An understanding of the emotional impacts on cognition in substance dependent individuals may guide the development of more effective therapeutic interventions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: addiction, emotion, cognition, reward, stress, decision-making
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Schools: School of Applied Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Jonathan Cook
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2017 14:30
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2017 14:36
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/32813

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