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Influences of Building and Urban Typologies on the Study of Thermal Comfort in ‘Shophouse’ Dwellings in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Dang, Thanh Hung and Pitts, Adrian (2017) Influences of Building and Urban Typologies on the Study of Thermal Comfort in ‘Shophouse’ Dwellings in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. In: PLEA 2017, 3rd-5th July, 2017, Edinburgh, UK.

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Abstract

The ‘Shophouse’ is a repetitive form of vernacular residential building type found in Vietnam and Southeast Asia. The main mechanism for controlling the indoor environment of most shophouses across Vietnam is natural ventilation. However, under the pressures of climate change and rapid urbanisation, the indoor thermal conditions of shophouses have become uncomfortable for occupants. Consequently, demand
for cooling energy is increasing year-on-year. This paper presents the classification of architecture and urban typologies of shophouses and their subdivisions along with key characteristics found in Ho Chi Minh City,
Vietnam. The studies of thermal environment in shophouses identified that thermal conditions varied in a partially systematic way when classified according to building and urban typologies. They also showed the indoor
environment in row houses of new residential communities is more comfortable than other types. The comparison of thermal performances in the shophouses indicates a relationship between comfort and energy expenditure for the building/urban typologies across the city. The understanding of the thermal performance of
different shophouse typologies and their urban structure types significantly contributes to the development of policies and standards for shophouse construction and planning to optimise comfort and energy efficiency.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TH Building construction
Schools: School of Art, Design and Architecture > Centre for Urban Design, Architecture and Sustainability
School of Art, Design and Architecture
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Depositing User: Adrian Pitts
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2017 12:48
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2017 02:26
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/32411

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