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Self-Management among the Ethnic Groups with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Thailand

Kitchanapaibul, Siwarak, Gillibrand, Warren P. and Burton, Rob (2017) Self-Management among the Ethnic Groups with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Thailand. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology: International Journal of Social, Management, Economics and Business Engineering. ISSN 2010-376X (In Press)

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Abstract

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus has been rising all over the world. Self-management is required for diabetes mellitus patients. The objective of this study is to explore the self-management among the ethnic groups with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Thailand, an upper middle-income country which is located in South East Asia. The ethnic groups in Thailand are a
minority group which has limited education and a different culture, language, costume and lifestyle from Thai people. The qualitative exploratory study was used in this study. In-depth interviews with semi-structured open questions were conducted
by 20 participants from purposive sampling. These participants were the ethnic groups who have type 2 diabetes mellitus, received the services from a region hospital, understood Thai and were willing to participate. Content analysis was adopted for
the study. The results showed that all of the participants controlled their diet before the appointment day and never miss their appointment. Only 3 participants did their exercise while 2 participants stated that they occasionally forgot to take medicine. 10 participants use the herbs for reducing the sugar level. 12 participants drank a lot of water after a lapse in the diet because they believed that water could dilute the sugar. The findings identified 5 themes; ‘controlling diet before appointment day’;
‘drinking water after a lapse in diet’; ‘medication being a vital importance’; ‘exercise is unimportant’; and ‘taking herbs for sugar reduction’. The results of this study are important to the health professionals to understand the self-management of Ethnic groups and use the data to create the appropriate intervention for promoting health among the ethnic groups with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Thailand. The findings will lead to the revision of health policy and the procedure for promoting health in
this special ethnic groups.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ICNCD 2017: 19th International Conference on Non Communicable Diseases, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 7-8th August 2017
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Schools: School of Human and Health Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Sharon Beastall
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2017 13:26
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2017 18:38
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/31695

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