Elgallai, Yousef (2016) The policy of free movement of workers in the AU and recognised African sub-regional organisations: comparative study with the EU. Doctoral thesis, University of Huddersfield.

The study analyses the extent to which efforts are being made at national, regional and continental level towards establishing the free movement of workers in the African Union (AU) and recognised African sub-regional organisations including a comparative analysis with similar policies and approaches in the European Union (EU) where this principle is highly respected. It also identified the extent to which major challenges such as institutional and legislative differences (i.e. legal constraints, political and cultural obstacles) in member states have affected the progress of endeavours to meet objectives of the AU. This study has mentioned nomads and semi-nomads who are moving seasonally as part of their ancient traditions, however are not protected in the above legal frameworks.

It is recommended that the AU should take charge of the integration process and revise the legal frameworks of economic integration rather than delegating this task to the African sub-regional organisations. Nomad’s rights should be enshrined in legal frameworks as one of the most important parts of the integration project in Africa.

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