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The Use of Bile Salt Micelles for the Prediction of Human Intestinal Absorption

Shokry, Dina, Waters, Laura J., Parkes, Gareth M.B and Mitchell, John C. (2016) The Use of Bile Salt Micelles for the Prediction of Human Intestinal Absorption. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 105 (12). pp. 3611-3614. ISSN 0022-3549

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Human intestinal absorption (HIA) will dictate biopharmaceutical performance through its influence on absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination and can vary significantly depending upon the nature of the compound under consideration. In this study, an in vitro assay method is proposed for the prediction of HIA through the measurement of drug solubility in an aqueous phase containing micellar bile salt, namely sodium deoxycholate. A series of twenty compounds, displaying a range of physicochemical properties and known HIA values, were analyzed using UV spectroscopy to determine a solubilization ratio for each compound. A micelle/water partition coefficient (Kxm/a) was calculated and then used to develop an equation through simple linear regression; logit HIA = −0.919 + 0.4618 logKxm/a (R2 = 0.85). From this equation, a value for % HIA was determined which compared well with literature. Furthermore, 4 additional drugs were then analyzed using the developed equation and found to match well with literature, confirming the suitability of the method. Using a simple, economic, and robust UV bile salt assay allows prediction of HIA and avoids many of the disadvantages of other techniques, such as animal-based methods.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Schools: School of Applied Sciences
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Depositing User: Laura Waters
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2016 10:48
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 16:38


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