Turner, J.E., Stetsyuk, V., Crua, C., Pearson, R.J. and Gold, M.R. (2015) The effect of operating conditions on post-injection fuel discharge in an optical engine. In: 13th Triennial International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, 23rd - 27th August 2015, Tainan, Taiwan.

After the end of injection, the needle closes and residual fuel present inside the injector sac and orifices is discharged due to the high fluid inertia. This so-called post-injection fuel discharge can present several problems. The excess fuel can undergo incomplete combustion due to its large, slow moving and often surface-bound nature. Not only does this have a negative effect on emissions and performance, but it has been speculated that the by-products of incomplete combustion are implicated in the growth of carbonaceous deposits on the tips of fuel injectors. Accumulation of these deposits is known to lead to premature fuel injector failure that can lead to re-ductions in power output and engine lifetime. Seeing as modern multiple-injection strategies give rise to an in-creased number of transient injection phases, post-injection discharges are an increasingly common occurrence during normal operating conditions. In order to develop a phenomenological model for the fluid dynamics after the end of injection, there is a need to characterise the causes of this discharge and how they might be influenced by engine operating conditions. In this study we present ongoing analysis into results from the first visualisation of post injection fuel discharge at the microscopic level under engine-like operating conditions. We observed the process of fuel discharge for multi-hole injectors, using a high-speed camera fitted with a long-distance micro-scope and a high-speed laser illumination source. We related the effect of a variety of operating conditions on the severity of this process, including injection pressure and in-cylinder pressure along with a characterisation of the dynamics of the various modes by which these undesired liquid structures are produced. We present the different modes by which this process occurs and we conclude that the extent of post-injection discharge depends on both the in-cylinder and injection pressures.

2015 Turner ICLASS.pdf - Accepted Version

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