Alajaty, Mahmoud and Anchor, J.R (2016) Transition Economies in the Middle East: the Syrian Experience. In: University of Huddersfield Business School Research Conference, 14-15 January 2016, University of Huddersfield. (Unpublished)

There have been no in depth studies of post Socialist transition in the Middle East. Syria’s experience is therefore a useful one to explore given its historically important role in the region.
The Socialist economic policy followed in Syria from 1963 to the early 1990s is outlined. The Syrian economic transition was in two phases: an incremental liberalization phase and a transition to Social Market Economy phase.
During both phases, Syrian policy makers showed a preference for a gradualist approach to economic transition, rather than a big-bang approach. This was facilitated by oil revenues and subsidies from the Gulf states. The Syrian experience therefore has its own distinct characteristics, as well as elements in common with the transitions in other post Socialist economies.

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